Wednesday, February 18, 2009

Nomads of Malayasia who lives in sea shore


Courtesy:http://english.cri.cn/6966/2009/02/18/1821s455090.htm,Young sea gypsies play in the water in the centre of their neighbourhood in the Sulawesi Sea in Malaysia's state of Sabah on the Borneo island February 17, 2009. A community of 30 families of the indigenous ethnic group of sea gypsies are still maintaining a nomadic and sea-based life without fresh water supply, TV nor electricity, and only go to land to bury the dead.[Photo: Xinhua/Reuters)

Ali-a:ye-lígang celebrated with pomp and gaiety




These are the vibes seen among the Mising Tani in North Lakhimpur and Guwahati during Lígang celebration.Photo:UB and Asomiya Pratidin.

Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Pilot project with latest technology to be launched in Matmara

The Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR) has sanctioned a pilot project for construction of embankment at Matmora in Lakhimpur district using the latest geo fabric tube technology. Sanction for the pilot project is the first of its kind using the latest technology to protect bunds and embankment. The pilot project for construction of the five km embankment is estimated to cost Rs 142 crore. The original proposal submitted by Assam Government, sources said was for Rs 206 crore. However, the MoWR is giving the State Government full credit for proposing introduction of the latest technique. Officials lauding the initiative of Assam Government said that the Ministry had embarked on an elaborate research exercise on the viability of the new technique, before it cleared the pilot project recently. If successful, the technique would be introduced elsewhere in the country, sources said.

The Geo Fabric Tubes or Geo Textile Technology is being used exclusively in several erosion prone countries. The technology though costly, is seen as a long-term solution, that the Government has been looking for, sources said.One of the US-based Company that introduced the Geo-Filter Tube Erosion Barrier claimed that at 25 per cent of the cost of conventional bulkheads or bunds, it was the most cost effective and environmentally responsible shoreline erosion barrier available."Shoreline erosion is a serious issue in Florida, and continues to grow worse every day. Erosion control is easily solved by installation of the Geo-Filter Tube erosion barrier, the Company's web site said.

The Geo-Filter Tube is constructed of a spun-bond polyester fabric sewn together to form a custom diameter tube. The tube is interconnected along the waters edge, then a small sand pump is used to fill the tube with the same sand and organic material that has been eroding into the lake or canal. The final result is a long lasting fully contained sand filter barrier that will stabilize the bank from erosion and filter rainwater and irrigation run off. The Geo-Filter Tube erosion barrier can be installed on any shoreline contour or stacked pyramid fashion to create a more substantial barrier to protect against soil erosion during heavy rains.

Once the Geo-Filter Tube is sodded the durability and life span is unlimited, the company claimed. Chief Minister, Tarun Gogoi, last July after surveying the breaches at Matmora had said the State government would take up scientific construction of the embankment from October this year to prevent the recurrence of the breach. The Brahmaputra River had breached about 200 metres of a crucial embankment at Matmora in Lakhimpur district, flooding the entire district, as well as the Majuli Island in Jorhat district, in the third wave of floods in the State last year.
Courtesy:The Assam Tribune,February 4,2009

Monday, February 2, 2009

Luoba Nationality:The lesser known Tani brothers of China


Where the Luoba lives?
Scattered primarily throughout the Luoyu Region of southeast Tibet, the Luoba, with a population of 2,965 are the smallest of China's 56 ethnic groups. Their name is derived from the Tibetan word for southerners.
Economy:Living at the foot of Himalayas, almost completely isolated from the outside world and kept in virtual slavery by the government of Tibet, the Luoba lagged behind the rest of the world until the 1950s when with the help of the Chinese government, all aspects of their life began to improve. Blessed with a wide variety of resources, ranging from animals and plants to minerals, the Luoba economy is based on agriculture and hunting.
Language and Character:The Luoba language, which belongs to the Tibetan-Burman group of Sino-Tibetan languages, has no writing system, so most Luoba speakers use Tibetan characters. The legends of the Luoba have been passed on orally, often using Jiajin, a unique melody used for relating traditional epics.
Belief:The Luoba people believe that the world is filled with spirits which dominate their lives, control nature, cause disasters and bestow happiness. They pray to the spirits, seeking blessings, and believe that shamans have the power to control them.
Food and Food Custom:Because of the proximity of the Luoba ethnic minority to the Tibetan people, the food, culture and customs resemble those of the Tibetans. The staple foods are rice, corn and a kind of local grain called 'Jizhuagu' (Chicken's claw grain) with which they brew a popular yellow wine. Buckwheat pies dusted with chilli powder are another favorite.The Luoba ethnic minority is very hospitable and places high value on ettiquette. When there are guests, they must be given the most distinguished seats and offered the most prized parts of each dish. The Luoba hunt with poisoned arrows, so meat must be treated after the animal is cut up. Before dinner, the host will drink and eat a little to show that the food is safe. Guests should eat all the food put before them on the table, or the host will be offended.
Festivals:Some of the Luoba people observe festivals according to the Tibetan calendar, while others live according to their own calendar, so the Luoba ethnic minority has no unified dates to celebrate together. Most, however, celebrate the arrival of the New Year by slaughtering pigs, oxen or sheep and sharing the meat with others. Drinking, singing and dancing are other popular new year's pastimes.

The above texts and photo are collected from http://traditions.cultural-china.com/en/127Traditions831.html but the common knowledge by Tani people living in India called them as Lhoba which is incorrect,hope the above information will help all to clarify the mistake.

Citizenship questions and inter-ethnic relations in Assam in context of Silapathar incident

Source: Tani Agom Ésar, Guwahati, Mising-Assamese Bilingual fortnightly, June 1, 2017. Language: Mising/ Tani To read the pdf version ...